We do our best to take care of our dogs but every once in a while conditions like tapeworms can sneak up on us. In this article, we will talk about what tapeworms are, how to prevent tapeworms in dogs, and what the treatment is.
How to Know if Your Dog Has a Tapeworm
You may discover little dried rice-looking kernels in your dog’s bedding. This is because it is common for them to exit the anus while they are resting.
Once the tapeworm segments are exposed to air, they dry out – hence the white rice or dried rice-looking kernels.
You may also notice small rice-looking segments in your dog’s stool. These segments will be moving for a short time until they dry out.
Don’t panic but this means your dog has a tapeworm!
Rodents and fleas are the big carriers of tapeworms.
While we can control fleas with preventatives, controlling a dog that loves to hunt and dine on rodents, rabbits, etc. is a little harder to do.
Let’s dive into some info about these nasty critters.
How Do Dogs Get Tapeworms
Dogs get tapeworms from swallowing fleas and flea larvae.
This is another reason to make sure you protect your dog from a flea infestation!
They can also get tapeworms from rodents who harbor tapeworm eggs in their bodies.
Once in your dog’s system, they grow in the small intestine of the dog.
The head attaches itself to the wall. Then, ever-increasing segments filled with eggs break off and are seen in the feces or wiggling at the anal opening.
What Do Tapeworms Look Like
Again, tapeworms can be seen in your dog’s stool and/or in their bedding and look like grains of rice.
They look a lot like maggots when they’re still alive and resemble rice kernels when they dry out.
In your dog’s intestine, tapeworms can grow to several feet in length when they are left untreated.
These adult tapeworms are icky-looking but are not dangerous.
Other Kinds of Tapeworms
Other than the common tapeworm, there are other types of tapeworms that infest raw fresh fish and raw meat.
They are extremely dangerous to humans, who can acquire them through contact with the dog’s feces.
The tapeworm (Echinococcus granulosus) can be found in the southern, western, and southwestern United States in sheep, deer, elk, pigs, horses, and other domestic livestock.
To prevent your dog from becoming infested with this type of tapeworm keep them away from the uncooked meat of these animals and from uncooked fish.
If your dog gets a tapeworm, conventional chemical worming may not kill the head and it could grow a new body and start over again.
Dr. Richard Pitcairn, a holistic doctor, suggests that a fresh diet will build up a dog’s immunity to all parasites, including tapeworms.
There’s a good possibility you won’t have to resort to chemicals to rid your dog of a tapeworm.
Remember, in a fresh diet, use no commercial pet foods.
Measures to Help Prevent Tapeworms
Dr. Pitcairn, suggests some natural anti-tapeworm measures are whole, raw pumpkin seeds.
The seeds will need to be kept at room temperature in sealed containers. Then, ground into a fine meal, and consumed immediately.
He recommends 1/4 to 1 teaspoon added to each meal, depending on the dog’s size.
There are also other tapeworm preventatives such as wheat germ oil given 1/4 to 1 teaspoon with meals or vegetable enzymes. These preventatives will erode the outer coating of the tapeworm.
You can also add chopped or ground dried figs to meals; Papaya or enzyme supplements containing papain are also useful.
Pet Nutritionist, Celeste Yarnall, Ph.D., advises using raw, fresh veggies in the diet because parasites don’t like veggies.
Practicing good flea control is a MUST if you want to prevent canine tapeworms.
In addition, if your dog is a hunter, you should keep its immunity up with a good natural foods diet. This will help prevent tapeworms and other parasites
Sometimes dogs will still get tapeworms even with preventive measures.
So, now what?
Treating tapeworms is a relatively easy fix with the proper medication.
Most common dewormers for stomach worms and intestinal parasites will NOT get rid of a tapeworm. They need a particular chemical to get rid of them.
Your veterinarian can do a fecal exam to be certain and then prescribe a drug called praziquantel for the infected animal.
Praziquantel is a prescription drug that can be given orally or by injection.
This medication works by dissolving the tapeworm within the intestine.
From personal experience, medication for tapeworms in dogs is usually prescribed in two doses given a month apart.
If your dog is a skilled hunter and connoisseur of cottontails, jackrabbits, rats, or ground squirrels they are at high risk for tapeworms.
You should treat Dipylidium caninum (tapeworm) every six to twelve months to prevent a tapeworm in dogs.